Olive oil can be called the Goldilocks of oil: it’s packed with healthy compounds, it’s delicious and versatile, and--bonus points--it’s gold. It has a vast array of science-backed health benefits and an intriguing depth of flavor, which spans from grassy to peppery, depending on the bottle. As such, it’s easy to make the case for using olive oil in your meal preparations.
That said, there’s another oil that’s probably in your kitchen, begging to be used: canola oil. This common cooking oil a type of vegetable oil that is often used in baking, frying, and sauteing. Should you be using canola oil instead?
We all know that canola oil is cheaper than olive oil, but how does it hold up in terms of taste, health, and smoke point? In this article, we’ll dive into the differences between these two popular oils. Read on to learn about their flavor characteristics, nutrient profiles, and more.
Olive Oil vs. Canola Oil: How Is It Made?
First of all, you might be wondering: what exactly is canola oil? Canola oil is made from the rapeseed plant, a bright yellow flowering plant of the mustard or cabbage family. While rapeseed naturally contains a number of toxic compounds – including erucic acid and glucosinolates – the rapeseed that is used for producing canola oil has been bred to have low amounts of these toxic compounds. That means this seed oil is safe to consume.
Here’s how canola oil is made, as laid out by the Canola Council of Canada.
- First, canola seeds are cleaned and separated from stalks and dirt.
- Seeds are pre-heated to approximately 95ºF and flaked by mills to break the cell walls of the seeds.
- Seeds are cooked at approximately 176°–221°F in a series of cookers powered by steam heat. This process lasts about 15-20 minutes.
- The seeds are pressed by screw presses and expellers. Approximately 50-60% of the oil is extracted during this step.
- The seed flakes that remain contain about 18-20% oil. These are broken down by a chemical called hexane so the rest of the oil can be obtained.
- The hexane is removed from the oil by heating it once again at 203°–239°F.
- The oil is refined through a variety of methods that include steam distillation, phosphoric acid exposure, and filtration through acid-activated clays.
Olive oil, on the other hand, is naturally safe for consumption – no special breeding required – and is rich in healthy compounds like fatty acids. However, it’s important to understand the different types of olive oil and how each is made. (Want to learn more? Here’s a deep dive into the different types of olive oil.)
- Extra virgin olive oil (EVOO) is made by mechanically pressing the pulp of olive fruit. Then, the oil is separated from the solids via centrifugation. Finally, the oil is filtered to remove any remaining solids. EVOO is never exposed to chemicals or heat at any point in its processing. It's delicious for use in salad dressings and Mediterranean dishes where you taste the full flavor of your oil.
- Virgin olive oil, a rarer type of olive oil than extra virgin olive oil, is made via the same method as EVOO. The difference is that virgin olive oil is allowed to have some minor flavor defects, whereas EVOO is not. For many, these flavor defects might not even be noticeable.
- Regular olive oil (or pure olive oil) is more processed than the virgin olive oils. Regular olive oil is made from a combination of refined olive oil and 15%-25% virgin olive oil. The refined oil is treated with chemicals and heat to remove any flavor defects.
- Light or extra light olive oil is not a diet alternative – this olive oil is a combination of refined olive oil and 5%-10% virgin olive oil. As with regular olive oil, the refined oil is treated with some heat and chemicals to remove flavor defects.
As you can see, canola oil is highly processed compared to virgin olive oil, which is cold-pressed and untreated by heat or chemicals. Regular and light/extra light olive oil, however, are treated with some heat and chemicals. As such, canola oil is more similar to these oils than the virgin olive oils.
Nutritional Breakdown of Canola Oil vs. Olive Oil
This is where things get interesting. No matter how olive oil was made, it always appears the same on a nutrition label. Why? The differences lie in the number of polyphenols and other bioactive compounds, which are not included on a typical nutrition label. Here’s how olive oil compares to canola oil.
Canola Oil Nutrition
In general, a tablespoon of canola oil contains the following, according to the USDA:
- Calories: 124
- Total fat: 14 g
- Saturated fat: 1.03 g
- Polyunsaturated fat: 3.94 g
- Monounsaturated fat: 8.86 g
- Cholesterol: 0 mg
- Total carbohydrate: 0 mg
- Protein: 0 mg
Olive Oil Nutrition
In general, one tablespoon of olive oil contains the following, according to the USDA:
- Calories: 119
- Total fat: 13.5 g
- Saturated fat: 1.9 g
- Polyunsaturated fat: 1.4 g
- Monounsaturated fat: 10 g
- Cholesterol: 0 mg
- Total carbohydrate: 0 mg
- Protein: 0mg
As you can see, both are similar in terms of total fat content and calories. However, olive oil is lower in potentially harmful saturated fats and higher in heart-healthy monounsaturated fats and omega-3 fatty acids.
In addition to what’s on the label, canola and olive oil both contain a healthy amount of vitamin E and a decent helping of vitamin K.
However, olive oil contains healthy polyphenols, powerful antioxidants that protect the body from free radicals. Olive oil also contains phytosterols, squalene, chlorophyll, and carotenoids such as lutein. These are most plentiful in EVOO, rather than processed olive oils.
Which is Healthier: Canola Oil or Olive Oil?
Olive oil, particularly EVOO, is healthier than canola oil. Its benefits for heart health, fighting against risk of heart disease and cardiovascular disease, and anti-inflammatory properties come courtesy of its antioxidants and other bioactive compounds, which are most prevalent in the unrefined oils. The polyunsaturated fatty acids can help manage cholesterol levels, too. In fact, EVOO is one of the healthiest oils out there. As canola oil is highly refined, on the other hand, it lacks these health benefits.
Canola oil is sometimes cited as a heart-healthy oil. According to Healthline, however, consumers should be vigilant about these claims. “Keep in mind that many studies linking canola oil to heart-health benefits have been funded by the canola industry, potentially raising conflicts of interest.”
In fact, one study of 2,071 overweight people or adults struggling with obesity found that those who used canola oil frequently were more likely to develop metabolic syndrome than those who rarely or never used it.
What is The Difference in Taste?
Olive oil has a range of flavors, depending on how it was processed. Canola oil, on the other hand, has a pretty predictable taste. Here’s how they differ.
Canola Oil Flavor
Canola oil is known for its very neutral flavor. In fact, it is bleached and deodorized to keep its flavor neutral. That’s why it is mostly used in baked goods, fried foods, and in commercial kitchens. It also doesn't have the risk of allergens that products like peanut oil, sesame oil, and soybean oil do.
Olive Oil Flavor
Regular or light olive oils have a neutral flavor that’s somewhat similar to the flavor of canola oil. Virgin olive oils, however, have a far more complex flavor profile.
Extra virgin olive oils made with unripe olives that are harvested early in the season are characterized by intense, vibrant flavors described as pungent, grassy, herbaceous, or peppery. Olives that are harvested later create an olive oil that is smoother and more buttery.
To experience the many flavors of olive oil, try hosting an olive oil tasting for your friends!
How Does The Smoke Point Differ?</h3>
What exactly is a smoke point? A smoke point is the high temperature at which an oil starts to break down and release free radicals. Free radicals are inflammatory compounds that can damage health by promoting oxidative stress.
This is where canola oil pulls ahead in the race. At 460ºF, canola oil has a higher smoke point than EVOO or virgin olive oil, which clock in at 350º to 410ºF. However, refined olive oils have a comparable smoke point of up to 470ºF.
This high smoke point means that neutral-tasting canola oil and refined olive oils are both suited to many types of high heat cooking, including frying, baking, roasting, and stir-frying. If you want to add the unique olive oil flavor, however, a high-quality EVOO is the oil for the job, even with the lower smoke point. You can even use it in baking, like this gluten-free lemon olive oil cake.
Bottom Line -- Canola Oil vs. Olive Oil
Call us biased, but olive oil is the clear winner in this showdown. Not only does this type of oil add more flavor, but it has far more healthy unsaturated fats, bioactive compounds, and less unhealthy fats, so it's better for overall wellness. Of course, canola oil is cheaper than olive oil, which makes it a sensible choice for deep-frying.
While you may have both in your pantry, olive oil should be the oil to reach for in most occasions.